Sister’s Halaqa ~ Session 4 ~ January 12, 2008


Always Remember:  And whatever the Messenger gives you, take it, and whatever he forbids you, leave it. And fear Allah: truly Allah is severe in punishment. “[59:7]


Allah’s Mercy:

33: 35  For Muslim men and women,- for believing men and women, for devout men and women, for true men and women, for men and women who are patient and constant, for men and women who humble themselves, for men and women who give in Charity, for men and women who fast (and deny themselves), for men and women who guard their chastity, and for men and women who engage much in Allah's praise,- for them has Allah prepared forgiveness and great reward.


Questions For Rocher:


Agenda: January 12, 2008


-          Quran Recitation: Sura Bakarah – Verse 11-22

-          Review of Wudu and Hajj for Rocher points

-          Main Topic: Hajj 2007 – More Detailed Information

-          Main Topic: Salat – Part 1

-          A Life Gem: Tahajjud Salat

-          Open Forum –

-          Donation Collection; Clothing collection

-          Snacks brought to you by Mardhia and Remy ! Thanks Gals!


Something to ponder: What does it mean to you?


007.031 - O Children of Adam! Wear your beautiful apparel at every time and place of prayer:

Eat and drink: But waste not by excess, for Allah loves not the wasters.





Clarifications: From previous sessions


-          Mentioned hadith that Angels surround you when you discuss Allah or recite His words.  (Can someone please find the actual hadith on this)

-          Validity of what we are learning. (ie contradicting reports by different fuqaha)

-          Blessing for fasting on the day of Arafat.

-          Transparency of socks



Contradictions of fiqh: To accept or not to accept

-          We have spoken on this issue long before, and we said that Allaah the Wise has divided the Muslim community into two types of people: the Ahl adh-Dhikr, and those that depend on the Ahl adh-Dhikr. As Allaah says to the ordinary people: “then ask those who possess the Message (Ahl adh-Dhikr) if you do not know.” (Soorah 21:7 and 16:43)


It is clearly understood that the common man can not make judgments of fiqh or make decisions of halal and haram on a limited amount of knowledge.  The Ahl adh-Dhikr and the Ahl al-Quran are those who know the authentic from the unauthentic, the abrogated from the unabrogated, and the general from the specific. It is to these persons we should seek clarifications and answers when in doubt.


But, as we look for answers, we realize also that there are many schools and each have varying opinions on the same topics. Which scholar do we turn to in such instances?

-          it is not permitted to mix and match the different madhabs.


It is not recommended to jump between these schools of thought (madhabs), however, we are asked to make the better decision based on the facts and the circumstances of our situations.  Those seeking knowledge should make every effort to learn the principles of fiqh and the principles of hadeeth to better understand what is said in the Quran and Sunnah as correctly as possible and to be able to better make the better decision to which madhab to follow when in doubt.


The best road to follow is to stick to the basics and when in doubt, ask a knowledgeable person who has extensive knowledge and the ability to keep ones own personal opinions and desires out of a ruling for clarification of said doubts and if that is not possible, then to try to acquire as much fact from scholarly sources as possible before coming to a conclusion.  If doubt still exists, then the best policy is to avoid the issue and go back to the basic principals and practices and to accept the opinion of the majority.



Contradiction: wiping of the head over a scarf for wudu

-          in the presence of non mahram men, a women would be put upon not to wipe over her hijab

-          Bilal reported that the Prophet said, "Wipe over your shoes and head covering." (Related by Ahmad.)'s%20_wudoo'.htm#RTFToC4

-          As for the woman's head cover - it is permissible to wipe over it as Umm Salamah used to wipe over her head cover - as reported by Ibn al-Mundhir. (See'al-Mughnee', 1/312).

-          'Umar once said, "May Allah not purify the one who does not consider wiping over the turban to be purifying."


In Hanafi and Shafi schools it is not acceptable to wipe over the scarf or even the socks if they are transparent.  The Hanbali school allows for wiping over the socks, the turban and the hijab – in such a case, the hijab must cover the full head, the underside of the jaw and the neck completely.  


Note that if you are in a state of Junub, you must perform full wudu.



Impurity of Dog Saliva


According to Ibn Taymiyyah if one's clothes gets wet from touching a dog's fur, this doesn't render them najis (impure), while if a dog licks a pot or a container, what it touches must be thrown away and the container should be washed off. Also, if one touches the dog's fur after making wudu', it does not break the wudu', but if one gets touched with dog's saliva, then one has got tainted with najasa (impurity) which must be removed. From this we can conclude that if a dog's saliva touches our clothes, our clothes become "najis" and we need to wash it before we can pray with those clothes again or just wash the area where the saliva touched and the person does not lose his wudu. But, if the saliva touches the skin, yes, the person loses the wudu and hence the wudu must be performed again.


Volume 1, Book 4, Number 173: Narrated Abu Huraira:   Allah's Apostle said, "If a dog drinks from the utensil of anyone of you it is essential to wash it seven times."


Dogs are considered impure. Any container that a dog licks must be washed seven times, the first time with pure soil.


Abu Hurayrah reported that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said: "Purifying a container that a dog licks is done by washing it seven times, the first time with pure soil (that is, water mixed with earth until it becomes muddy)." (Reported by Muslim, Ahmad, Abu Dawud, and Al-Bayhaqi). If a dog licks a pot that has dry food in it, what it touches and what surrounds it must be thrown away. The remainder may be kept, as it is still pure. As for a dog's fur, it is considered pure."


Makeup and Wudu


Putting make up does not invalidate our wudu, but if one loses the wudu, all make up has to be removed for the wudu to be valid.


Hadith regarding Angels surrounding the gathering where Allah is remembered.


Muslim: Book 035, Number 6505:   

Abu Huraira reported Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying Allah has mobile (squads) of angels, who have no other work (to attend to but) to follow the assemblies of Dhikr and when they find such assemblies in which there is Dhikr (of Allah) they sit in them and some of them surround the others with their wings till the space between them and the sky of the world is fully covered, and when they disperse (after the assembly of Dhikr is adjourned) they go upward to the heaven and Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, asks them although He is best informed about them: Where have you come from? They say: We come from Thine servants upon the earth who had been glorifying Thee (reciting Subhan Allah), uttering Thine Greatness (saying Allah o-Akbar) and uttering Thine Oneness (La ilaha ill Allah) and praising Thee (uttering al-Hamdu Lillah) and begging of Thee. Be would say: What do they beg of Me? They would say: They beg of Thee the Paradise of Thine. He (God) would say: Have they seen My Paradise? They said: No, our Lord. He would say: (What it would be then) if they were to see Mine Paradise? They (the angels) said: They seek Thine protection. He (the Lord) would say: Against what do they seek protection of Mine? They (the angels) would say: Our Lord, from the Hell-Fire. He (the Lord) would say: Have they seen My Fire? They would say: No. He (the Lord) would say: What it would be if they were to see My Fire? They would say: They beg of Thee forgiveness. He would say: I grant pardon to them, and confer upon them what they ask for and grant them protection against which they seek protection. They (the angels) would again say: Our Lord, there is one amongst them such and such simple servant who happened to pass by (that assembly) and sat there along with them (who had been participating in that assembly). He (the Lord) would say: I also grant him pardon, for they are a people the seat-fellows of whom are in no way unfortunate.



Muslim: Book 035, Number 6520:  Agharr Abi Muslim reported: I bear witness to the fact that both Abu Huraira and Abu Sa'id Khudri were present when Allah's Messenger may peace be upon him) said: The people do not sit but they are surrounded by angels and covered by Mercy, and there descends upon them tranquility as they remember Allah, and Allah makes a mention of them to those who are near Him.



Muslim: Book 35, Number 6518: Abu Huraira reported Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who treads the path in search of know- ledge, Allah would make that path easy, leading to Paradise for him and those persons who assemble in the house among the houses of Allah (mosques) and recite the Book of Allah and they learn and teach the Qur'an (among themselves) there would descend upon them the tranquility and mercy would cover them and the angels would surround them and Allah makes a mention of them in the presence of those near Him


And Angels are always around us, recording our deeds


Bukhari - Volume 9, Book 93, Number 578:  Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "There are angels coming to you in succession at night, and others during the day, and they all gather at the time of 'Asr and Fajr prayers. Then the angels who have stayed with you overnight ascend (to the heaven) and He (Allah) asks them though He perfectly knows their affairs. 'In what state have you left my slaves?' They say, 'When we left them, they were praying and when we came to them they were praying.' "



Next session – February     2008

-          Quran Recitation: Sura Baqarah - 23-29

-          Review of Salat – Part 1

-          Main Topic: Salat – Part 2

-          Open Forum, Donations and Snacks



Quran: Sura Bakarah - continued


(Arabic/Transliteration/Meaning Ref:

These introductory verses declare the Quran to be the Book of Guidance : enunciate the articles of the Faith -- belief in Allah, Prophethood and Life-after-death; divide mankind into three main groups with regard to its acceptance or rejection -- Believers, disbelievers and hypocrites. 1 - 20


When it is said to them: “Make not mischief on the earth,” they say: “Why, we only Want to make peace!”


Wa-itha qeela lahum latufsidoo fee al-ardi qaloo innama nahnumuslihoona



Of a surety, they are the ones who make mischief, but they minoe (it) not.


Ala innahum humu almufsidoona walakinla yashAAuroona



When it is said to them: “Believe as the others believe:” They say: “Shall we believe as the fools believe?” Nay, of a surety they are the fools, but they do not know.


Wa-itha qeela lahum mino kamaamana alnnasu qaloo anu/minu kamaamana alssufahao ala innahum humu alssufahaowalakin la yaAAlamoona



When they meet those who believe, they say: “We believe;” but when they are alone with their evil ones, they say: “We are really with you: We (were) only jesting.”


Wa-itha laqoo allatheena amanooqaloo amanna wa-itha khalaw ilashayateenihim qaloo inna maAAakum innamanahnu mustahzi-oona



Allah will throw back their mockery on them, and give them rope in their trespasses; so they will wander like blind ones (To and fro).


Allahu yastahzi-o bihim wayamudduhumfee tughyanihim yaAAmahoona



These are they who have bartered Guidance for error: But their traffic is profitless, and they have lost true direction,


Ola-ika allatheena ishtarawooalddalalata bialhuda famarabihat tijaratuhum wama kanoomuhtadeena



Their similitude is that of a man who kindled a fire; when it lighted all around him, Allah took away their light and left them in utter darkness. So they could not see.


Mathaluhum kamathali allatheeistawqada naran falamma adaat ma hawlahuthahaba Allahu binoorihim watarakahum fee thulumatinla yubsiroona



Deaf, dumb, and blind, they will not return (to the path).


Summun bukmun Aaumyun fahum layarjiAAoona



Or (another similitude) is that of a rain-laden cloud from the sky: In it are zones of darkness, and thunder and lightning: They press their fingers in their ears to keep out the stunning thunder-clap, the while they are in terror of death. But Allah is ever round the rejecters of Faith!


Aw kasayyibin mina alssama-ifeehi thulumatun waraAAdun wabarqunyajAAaloona asabiAAahum fee athanihim mina alssawaAAiqihathara almawti waAllahu muheetunbialkafireena



Allah invites mankind to accept the Guidance voluntarily and to submit to Him, the Lord and the Creator of the Universe and to believe in the Quran, His Guidance, and in the Life-after-death. 21 - 29



The lightning all but snatches away their sight; every time the light (Helps) them, they walk therein, and when the darkness grows on them, they stand still. And if Allah willed, He could take away their faculty of hearing and seeing; for Allah hath power over all things.


Yakadu albarqu yakhtafu absarahumkullama adaa lahum mashaw feehi wa-itha athlamaAAalayhim qamoo walaw shaa Allahu lathahababisamAAihim waabsarihim inna Allaha AAalakulli shay-in qadeerun



O ye people! Adore your Guardian-Lord, who created you and those who came before you, that ye may have the chance to learn righteousness;


Ya ayyuha alnnasuoAAbudoo rabbakumu allathee khalaqakum waallatheenamin qablikum laAAallakum tattaqoona



Who has made the earth your couch, and the heavens your canopy; and sent down rain from the heavens; and brought forth therewith Fruits for your sustenance; then set not up rivals unto Allah when ye know (the truth).


Allathee jaAAala lakumu al-ardafirashan waalssamaa binaan waanzalamina alssama-i maan faakhraja bihi mina alththamaratirizqan lakum fala tajAAaloo lillahi andadanwaantum taAAlamoona



A Life Gem: Tahajjud Prayer



Tahajjud is a prayer performed at night. It is a prayer which is encouraged by our Prophet (pbuh) and loved by Allah. Allah loves that which is constant and regular and one should make Tahajjud a regular and constant part of their life.


Tahajjud prayer is not a mandatory prayer as is related in the following hadith:


Bukhari: Volume 2, Book 13, Number 46:    Narrated Aisha:  Once in the middle of the night Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) went out and prayed in the mosque and some men prayed with him. The next morning the people spoke about it and so more people gathered and prayed with him (in the second night). They circulated the news in the morning, and so, on the third night the number of people increased greatly. Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) came out and they prayed behind him. On the fourth night the mosque was overwhelmed by the people till it could not accommodate them. Allah's Apostle came out only for the Fajr prayer and when he finished the prayer, he faced the people and recited "Tashah-hud" (I testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is His Apostle), and then said, "Amma ba'du. Verily your presence (in the mosque at night) was not hidden from me, but I was afraid that this prayer (Prayer of Tahajjud) might be made compulsory and you might not be able to carry it out."


However, Allah has mentioned as to how he loves the one who gets up at night to offer the prayer for the sole purpose of asking Him to answer their needs.



Al Isra: 17:78-80: Establish regular prayers - at the sun's decline till the darkness of the night, and the morning prayer and reading: for the prayer and reading in the morning carry their testimony.  And pray in the small watches of the morning: (it would be) an additional prayer (or spiritual profit) for thee: soon will thy Lord raise thee to a Station of Praise and Glory! Say: "O my Lord! Let my entry be by the Gate of Truth and Honour, and likewise my exit by the Gate of Truth and Honour; and grant me from Thy Presence an authority to aid (me)."


Al Furqan: 25:63-65: The (faithful) slaves of the Beneficent are they who walk upon the earth modestly, and when the foolish ones address them answer: Peace; And who spend the night before their Lord, prostrate and standing, Those who say, "Our Lord! avert from us the Wrath of Hell, for its Wrath is indeed an affliction grievous.


Al Muzammil: 73:2-4, 6-7: Rise to pray in the night except a little , Half of it, or lessen it a little Or a little more; and recite the Qur'an in slow, measured rhythmic tones;; Surely the rising by night is the firmest way to tread and the best corrective of speech. Surely you have in the day time a long occupation.


Al Imran: 3:15: Say: Shall I give you glad tidings of things Far better than those? For the righteous are Gardens in nearness to their Lord, with rivers flowing beneath; therein is their eternal home; with companions pure (and holy); and the good pleasure of Allah. For in Allah's sight are (all) His servants, (Namely), those who say: "Our Lord! we have indeed believed: forgive us, then, our sins, and save us from the agony of the Fire;" Those who show patience, Firmness and self-control; who are true (in word and deed); who worship devoutly; who spend (in the way of Allah); and who pray for forgiveness in the early hours of the morning.



Tahajjud can be performed anytime after the Isha prayer. But the best time is the last third of the night.


Bukhari: Volume 8, Book 76, Number 468:  Narrated Masruq: I asked 'Aisha "What deed was the most beloved to the Prophet?" She said, "The regular constant one." I said, "At what time did he use to get up at night (for the Tahajjud night prayer)?' She said, "He used to get up on hearing (the crowing of) the cock (the last third of the night)."


Bukhari: Volume 9, Book 93, Number 586: Narrated Abu Huraira:  Allah's Apostle said, "Every night when it is the last third of the night, our Lord, the Superior, the Blessed, descends to the nearest heaven and says: Is there anyone to invoke Me that I may respond to his invocation? Is there anyone to ask Me so that I may grant him his request? Is there anyone asking My forgiveness so that I may forgive him?. " (See Hadith No. 246,Vol. 2)


Bukhari: Volume 2, Book 21, Number 247:  Narrated Al-Aswad:  I asked 'Aisha "How is the night prayer of the Prophet?" She replied, "He used to sleep early at night, and get up in its last part to pray, and then return to his bed. When the Muadh-dhin pronounced the Adhan, he would get up. If he was in need of a bath he would take it; otherwise he would perform ablution and then go out (for the prayer)."


Just remember that when you are tired, do not try to do more than you can and rest.


Anas narrates that the Messenger of Allah entered the mosque and saw a rope stretching between two posts. He asked: "What is this?" The people told him that it was for Zainab [bint Jahsh] who, when she became tired or weary, held it (to keep standing for the prayer). The Prophet said: "Remove the rope. You should pray as long as you feel active, and when you get tired or weary, you should lie down to rest." This is related by al-Bukhari and Muslim.



It is recommended that one makes niyat for the Tahajjud prayer. Once awoken, recite the dua and then perform two or more even numbered rakats followed by an odd number witr. Witr should be prayed after all rakats for the Tahajjud prayer has been performed.




Upon going to sleep, one should make the intention to perform the tahajjud prayers. Abu ad-Darda' relates that the Prophet sallallahu alehi wasallam said: "Whoever goes to his bed with the intention of getting up and praying during the night, and sleep overcomes him until the moming comes, he will have recorded for him what he had intended, and his sleep will be a charity for him from his Lord." This is related by an-Nasa'i and ibn Majah with a sahih chain. Upon waking, one should wipe one's face, use a toothstick, and look to the sky and make the supplication which has been reported from the Prophet sallallahu alehi wasallam: "There is no God but Thee, Glory be to Thee, I seek forgiveness from You for my sins, and I ask for your mercy. O Allah, increase my knowledge and let my heart not swerve after You have guided me, and bestow mercy upon me from Thyself. All praise be to Allah who has given us back life after our death and unto Him is the resurrection."


Then, one should recite the last ten 'ayat of al-'Imran, starting with, "Lo! In the creation of the heavens and the earth and [in] the difference of night and day are tokens (of His sovereignty) for men of understanding." Then one should say, "O Allah, to You belongs the praise. You are the Light of the heavens and the earth and what is therein. And to You belongs the praise. You are the truth and Your promise is true. And the meeting with You is true. And the paradise is true. And the Fire is true. And the prophets are true. And Muhammad is true. And the Hour is true. O Allah, to You have I submitted. And in You have I believed. And in You have I put my trust. And to You have I turned. And by You I argue. And to You do I turn for my decisions. Forgive me of my former and latter sins, and those done in private and those done in public. You are Allah, there is no God besides Thee."


One should begin Qiyam al-Layil with two quick rak'at and then one may pray whatever one wishes after that. 'Aishah says: "When the Prophet prayed during the late-night, he would begin his prayers with two quick rak'at." Both of these reports are related by Muslim.



Bukhari: Volume 1, Book 4, Number 183:  Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Abbas:  that he stayed overnight in the house of Maimuna the wife of the Prophet, his aunt. He added : I lay on the bed (cushion transversally) while Allah's Apostle and his wife lay in the length-wise direction of the cushion. Allah's Apostle slept till the middle of the night, either a bit before or a bit after it and then woke up, rubbing the traces of sleep off his face with his hands. He then, recited the last ten verses of Sura Al-Imran, got up and went to a hanging water-skin. He then Performed the ablution from it and it was a perfect ablution, and then stood up to offer the prayer. I, too, got up and did as the Prophet had done. Then I went and stood by his side. He placed his right hand on my head and caught my right ear and twisted it. He prayed two Rakat then two Rakat and two Rakat and then two Rakat and then two Rakat and then two Rakat (separately six times), and finally one Rak'a (the Witr). Then he lay down again in the bed till the Mu'adhdhin came to him where upon the Prophet got up, offered a two light Rakat prayer and went out and led the Fajr prayer


The following prayer should be said when one rises up to perform the Tahajjud salah.


Bukhari: Volume 2, Book 21, Number 253:  Narrated 'Ubada bin As-Samit:  The Prophet "Whoever gets up at night and says: -- 'La ilaha il-lallah Wahdahu la Sharika lahu Lahu-l-mulk, waLahu-l-hamd wahuwa 'ala kullishai'in Qadir. Alhamdu lil-lahi wa subhanal-lahi wa la-ilaha il-lal-lah wa-l-lahu akbar wa la hawla Wala Quwata il-la-bil-lah.' (None has the right to be worshipped but Allah. He is the Only One and has no partners . For Him is the Kingdom and all the praises are due for Him. He is Omnipotent. All the praises are for Allah. All the glories are for Allah. And none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, And Allah is Great And there is neither Might nor Power Except with Allah). And then says: -- Allahumma, Ighfir li(O Allah! Forgive me). Or invokes (Allah), he will be responded to and if he performs ablution (and prays), his prayer will be accepted."



Prayer to recite during Tahajjud salah:


Bukhari: Volume 9, Book 93, Number 590, 482:  Narrated Ibn Abbas:   Whenever the Prophet offered the night (Tahajjud) prayer, he used to say, "O Allah! All the Praises are for You; You are the Light of the Heavens and the Earth. And all the Praises are for You; You are the Keeper of the Heavens and the Earth. All the Praises are for You; You are the Lord of the Heavens and the Earth and whatever is therein. You are the Truth, and Your Promise is the Truth, and Your Speech is the Truth, and meeting You is the Truth, and Paradise is the Truth and Hell (Fire) is the Truth and all the prophets are the Truth and the Hour is the Truth. O Allah! I surrender to You, and believe in You, and depend upon You, and repent to You, and in Your cause I fight and with Your orders I rule. So please forgive my past and future sins and those sins which I did in secret or in public. It is You Whom I worship; None has the right to be worshipped except You." (See Hadith No. 329,Vol. 8)


Be constant in your prayers.


One should not overburden one's self with the night prayer and should only pray it to the extent that is reasonable, and not leave that practice unless there is some great need to do so. 'Aishah reports that the Messenger of Allah said: "Do (good) deeds according to your capacity, for by Allah, Allah does not weary from giving rewards unless you get tired of doing good deeds." This is related by al-Bukhari and Muslim.


Bukhari: Volume 8, Book 76, Number 469:  Narrated 'Aisha:  The most beloved action to Allah's Apostle was that whose doer did it continuously and regularly.


Bukhari: Volume 8, Book 76, Number 470:  Narrated Abu Huraira:   Allah's Apostle said, "The deeds of anyone of you will not save you (from the (Hell) Fire)." They said, "Even you (will not be saved by your deeds), O Allah's Apostle?" He said, "No, even I (will not be saved) unless and until Allah bestows His Mercy on me. Therefore, do good deeds properly, sincerely and moderately, and worship Allah in the forenoon and in the afternoon and during a part of the night, and always adopt a middle, moderate, regular course whereby you will reach your target (Paradise)."


Bukhari: Volume 8, Book 76, Number 471: Narrated 'Aisha:  Allah's Apostle said, "Do good deeds properly, sincerely and moderately and know that your deeds will not make you enter Paradise, and that the most beloved deed to Allah's is the most regular and constant even though it were little."


Bukhari: Volume 2, Book 21, Number 252Narrated  Abdullah bin 'Amr bin Al-'As:  Allah's Apostle said to me, "O 'Abdullah! Do not be like so and so who used to pray at night and then stopped the night prayer."









Allah’s Names


Bukhari: Volume 9, Book 93, Number 489: Narrated Abu Huraira:   Allah's Apostle said, "Allah has ninety-nine Names, one-hundred less one; and he who memorized them all by heart will enter Paradise." To count something means to know it by heart.


Allah, the Exalted, ordered that He should be remembered a lot. Describing the wise men and women who ponder His signs, the Qur'an mentions, "those who remember Allah standing, sitting and on their sides,'' Qur'an 3.191 and "those men and women who engage much in Allah's praise. For them has Allah prepared forgiveness and a great reward.'' Qur'an 33.35 Mujahid explained, "A person cannot be one of 'those men and women who remember Allah much' as mentioned in the above verse of the Qur'an, unless he or she remembers Allah at all times, standing, sitting, or lying in bed."


Say: "Invoke God, or invoke the Most Gracious: by whichever name you invoke Him, He is always the One -- for His are all the attributes of perfection."  Al Isra 17:110


Bukhari: Volume 9, Book 93, Number 489:  Narrated Abu Huraira:   Allah's Apostle said, "Allah has ninety-nine Names, one-hundred less one; and he who memorized them all by heart will enter Paradise." To count something means to know it by heart.



He is the One and Only Deity, the One Who is Worshipped and the One Who deserves to be worshipped by the whole of His creation due to the Perfect Godly Attributes that He is described with.

Allah! There is none worthy of worship but He. (2:255)



The All-Compassionate, The Beneficent, The One who has plenty of mercy for the believers and the blasphemers in this world and especially for the believers in the hereafter.


Verily, we used to invoke Him Alone before. Verily He is the Generous, the Most Merciful. (52:28)


The Most Gracious has imparted this Qur'an unto man. (55:1)




The Most Merciful; The One who has plenty of mercy for the believers

"My Mercy encompasses all things and I shall decree it for those who have taqwaa." (7:156)



The King, The Sovereign Lord, The One with the complete Dominion, the One Whose Dominion is clear from imperfection

He is described with the Attribute of The Master and Owner. These are Attributes of Grandeur, Majesty, Omnipotence and Regulation of the affairs of creation. The One Who directs all of the affairs to do with creation, command and recompense. To Him belongs the whole of Creation, all of it is subservient, owned and in continuous need of Him.


"Say: O Allah! Owner of the dominion, You give the kingdom to whom You will and You take the kingdom from whom You will. You endue with honor whom You will and You humiliate whom You will. In your Hand is the good. Indeed You are Able to do all things." (3:26)