Map of Saudi Arabia

Map of Saudi Arabia

Bukhari and Muslim: The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) said: "Islam is built on the five pillars:

·  Testifying that there is no God but Allah and that Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is Allah's Messenger;

·  establishing Prayer (Salah);

·  Paying the regular charity (Zakah);

·  Performing the pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj) and

·  Fasting in the month of Ramadan."

 

Allah says:

"Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca) to the house (Ka`bah) is a duty that mankind owes to Allah, those who can afford the expenses" [Surah Al `Imran: 180]

 

Bukhari and Muslim: A'ishah once said: "O Prophet of Allah! Jihad (fighting in the cause of Allah) is the best deed. Should we (women) then, not actively participate in it?" The Prophet (peace be upon him) replied: "The best Jihad for you is Hajj Mabrur (a faultless Hajj that is free of sin and is graced with divine acceptance and pleasure)."

 

Bukhari and Muslim: Abu Hurayrah reported that the Messenger (peace be upon him) said: "He who performs Hajj for Allah's pleasure and avoids all lewdness and sins will return after Hajj free from all sins as he was the day his mother gave birth to him."

 

What is Hajj

As stated in Sura Imran, verse 80, Hajj is a pilgrimage to the House of the Kaba and is a duty that mankind owes to Allah, those who are able and can afford the expense.  Hajj is one of the main pillars of Islam that occurs in the 12th month of the Islamic Calendar, and it occurs mainly from days 8 to the 12th of this month.  Hajj goes back to Ibrahim (aws) during the 7th century and was officially considered a pillar of Islam through Prophet Muhammad (saws).

 

 

 


History of Hajj

http://archive.muslimuzbekistan.com/eng/ennews/2002/02/ennews18022002.html

Abraham was born during the time when the tyrant king Nimrod bin Canaan ordered his men that all newborns should be killed thereafter and people worshipped stones and idols. Nimrod was frightened because his soothsayers and astrologers said to him: "There will be born among your subjects a boy who will cause your power to come to an end." But Allah saved him from the hand of that tyrant king.

During his childhood, he was eager to find the truth until one night, while observing the sky, Abraham noticed a particular star. "This is my lord," he said. But when it set, he said: "I do not love that which fades." After the same experience with the moon and the sun, Abraham announced:

"I will turn my face to Him who has created the heavens and the earth, and live a righteous life; I am no idolater"

[Surah al-An`am: 75-79]

When Abraham became a prophet, he called the people to worship one God, but they all refused, including his father. One day, when his father and the other people were away, Abraham took an axe and broke all the idols in the temple except the biggest one. When the idolaters discovered this, they asked Abraham, "Who has done this?" "Ask the biggest idol," Abraham replied. "Why do you worship things which cannot even talk, move or understand?" The idolaters were angry and tried to kill him by setting him on fire. But Allah saved him again.

Later he traveled to Syria, Palestine, and Egypt.

Prophet Abraham had two wives named Sarah and Hagar. His first child was Ishmael from his wife Hagar. Then he had his son Isaac from his wife Sarah.

Journey to Makkah

When his beautiful son Ishmael was born to his wife Hagar, Abraham was instructed by Allah to leave his home, taking Hagar and Ishmael with him. They traveled for a long time until they reached a lonely, barren valley near two small hills called Safa and Marwah, a place we now know as Mecca. In those days there Mecca was a dry, desolate, and barren place. Abraham was ordered to leave his wife and child there, providing them only a leather bag containing some dates and a water-skin.

Abraham started walking back, Hagar followed him saying: "Where are you going, leaving us behind in this valley where there is no living being or anything else?" She repeated that question many times, and Abraham did not give any reply to her. Then she asked: "Has Allah commanded you to do this?" He said: "Yes." Then she said: "Then, He will not let us be destroyed here." Saying this, she returned to where he had left her.

Abraham went on until he came to the narrow pass of a mountain, where be could hardly be seen by them. He stopped there and faced the direction of the sacred house, raised his hands and invokes this prayer:

"Our Lord! I have settled some of my offspring in a valley without any cultivation, by your Sacred House, Our Lord! So they may establish regular prayers. So make the hearts of people yearn towards them, and provide them with sustenance that they may be grateful."

[Surah Ibrahim: 37]

The discovery of the well of Zamzam

After a while, little baby Ishmael began to cry for water to drink. Hagar ran helplessly from one hill to another seven times to look for water to drink. Allah caused a miracle - a spring gushed forth beneath the feet of Ishmael.

Ibn `Abbos narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: "That is the origin of walking between these two mountains."

When Hagar saw this from a distance, she came running. Their lives were saved

A special dream

When Abraham migrated from his land and people, he asked Allah to grant him a pious son. And Allah gave him glad tidings of pious son, named Ishmael. Ishmael was his first-born son, and he was born after Abraham had reached the aged of sixty-six years. When Ishmael grew to be a fine, a young boy, Abraham had a dream that he was being commanded to sacrifice him. He talked to his son about this dream.

"He said: 'O my son! I see in a dream that I offer you in sacrifice, so tell me what is your view?' "

[Surah al-Soffat: 102]

But his son was a brave boy. He said to his father:

"O my father! Do as you are commanded, you will find me, if Allah so wills, one of patient."

[Surah al-Soffat: 103]

Allah did not make Abraham sacrifice his son. When they came to the appointed place of sacrifice and Abraham placed the knife against his son's neck, Allah prevented him from completing the sacrifice. Allah then sent an animal to be sacrificed in his place.

Allah was so pleased with the readiness of Abraham to sacrifice his beloved son, that he commanded the believers to observe this day as `Id al-Adha (Feast of Sacrifice). Every year Muslims all over the world sacrifice an animal in remembrance of Abraham's trust in Allah.

Building the Ka'bah

Abraham and his son Ishmael were asked to build the House (Ka`bah) and gave them guidance on how they should carry it out. They took stone from the nearby hills and started to work. Abraham prayed for this noble land and its inhabitants:

"And when Abraham and Ishmael raised the foundation of the house, praying: `Our Lord! Accept this from us; surely, You are the All-Hearing, All-Knowing. Our Lord! Make us submit to your Will, and raise from our offspring a nation which will submit to Your Will, and show us the place of our rites (for pilgrimage), and turn to us in mercy."

[Surah al-Baqarah: 127,128]

They also prayed for a prophet to be born from among them, from their own people, who could teach them about Allah. Their prayer was answered; a prophet was sent to them. His message was for all people, regardless of the language that they spoke and no matter what color they were. His name was Muhammad (peace be upon him). He was from the descendants of Ishmael. He was the Seal of all Prophet and the final Messenger from Allah to all of humanity.

The first invitation to pilgrimage (Hajj)

Abraham was ordered by Allah to purify the Ka`bah for those who came there to worship, and to call people to pilgrimage. Today, millions of people come every year to answer to the original call of Prophet Abraham and Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon them).

Since then, all Muslims from every part of the world are obliged to perform pilgrimage once in a life time provided that their means and health permit them.

 

Performing Hajj

 

There are 3 forms of Hajj that we are able to perform and we must make niyat for it:

Hajj al-Tamattu – Perform Umrah and then Hajj, each with its own Ihram; this is the best form of Hajj and recommended by Muhammad (pbuh) and the one he performed when he did perform the Hajj.

Hajj al-Ifrad – Do only Hajj and no sacrifice required.

Hajj al-Qiran – Perform Umrah and Hajj but using only one Ihram

 

The rituals of Hajj are as follows:

-        Pilgrimss are required to enter Mecca and go to the miqat to change into their Ihrams.

o      Men wear 2 sheets, one around the waist and another over their torso

o      Women must cover properly with hijab and have their hands and face open.

-        Once the Ihram is on, pilgrims enter Mina and spend the night in tents.

-        At the beginning of the Hajj, the 8th day of Zhul Hijja, all pilgrims go to the Kaba to perform their first tawaf – this is a counter clockwise walk around the Kaba.

o      One tawaf consists of a minimum of 3 counter clockwise rotations around the Kaba to a maximum of 7 rotations.

o      Pilgrims use the Hajr al Aswad (the Black Stone) as the starting point and each time the pilgrim passes this stone, they must try to kiss it or point to it.

o      There is no eating allowed (except drinking of water) and the tawaf must be completed as one step.

o      After the tawaf is completed, pilgrims must perform a 2 rakat nawafil prayer in front of Maqaam-e-Ibrahim.

-        Once the first tawaf is done, pilgrims should perform the Sa’I – running between Safa and Marwah. Pilgrims should drink ZamZam water at this point to signify Hajar’s search of water for her son Ismail (aws) and founding of the ZamZam water. Pilgrims can return to their tents in Mina after performing the Sa’i and drinking the ZamZam water.

-        By day 9, pilgrims must leave Mina to go to Mount Arafat where they will spend the day praying and contemplating about their lives and ask Allah for patience and guidance. Hajj is considered invalid if this step is not taken. Mount Arafat is near the hill where Muhammad (pbuh) gave his last sermon.

-        By sunset, pilgrims must leave Mount Arafat to go to Muzdalifah, a city between Mina and Arafat, where they will need to collect 49 pebbles. Once pilgrims reach Muzdalifah, they perform their Maghrib and Isha prayers with one Azan and 2 Iqamahs.  Most pilgrims stay on the fields of Muzdalifah.

-        On the 10th day of the Hajj, pilgrims go to the Ramy-al-Jamarat where they will perform the stoning of the devil. Today there are three walls in the locations where the original stones were. Pilgrims must throw atleast 7 stones per wall. The stoning of these walls signifies the 3 challenges that the shaitan tried to put on Ibrahim (aws) when he was told to sacrifice his son IsmailIbrahim (aws) refused all 3 times.

-        Pilgrims are then required to shave their head and then sacrifice an animal to signify Allah’s mercy on Ibrahim in not having to slaughter his son. This is the beginning of Eid-ul-Adha which continues for 3 days.

-        Pilgrims spend the 10th night at Mina.

-        Pilgrims can do their 2nd tawaf around the Kaba on the day of the Eid or on the 11th day – Tawaf az-Ziyarah.

-        On the 11th day, pilgrims must throw 7 pebbles at the 3 jamarat and again on the 12th day, pilgrims must throw 7 pebbles at the 3 jamarat.

-        Pilgrims must leave Mina for Mecca before sunset on the 12th day; If this is not possible, then pilgrims must stone the jamarat again before returning to Mecca.

-        Before leaving, pilgrims perform a last tawaf of farewell – Tawaf al Wada.

-        Pilgrims are recommended to visit the mosque of the Prophet in Medina where he is buried.


 

Black Stone in the Holy Mosque Click to view high resolution version

Black Stone – Hajr al Aswad

City of tents, Mina Click to view high resolution version

Tents in Mina

Ibrahim –e - Maqaam

Panoramic view of Haram in Makkah Click to view high resolution version

Masjid –al Haram / Kaba

Click to visit the places on the map

Route for Hajj

Al-Rahmah Mountain in Arafat Click to view high resolution version

Mount Arafat

Circumambulation of Kaaba Click to view high resolution version

Kaba

 

Sa’i

Running between Safa and Marwahsafamarwa.jpg (17799 bytes)

THE FIRST JAMARAT

Ramy-al-Jamarat

Plan de al-Masjid Al-Haram


Other amazing sites

The Dome of the Rock in the center of the Temple Mount, or Mount Moriah 

The Dome of the Rock

Al-Aqsa Mosque congregation building in the southern part of the Noble Sanctuary

Al Aqsa Mosque

The Foundation Stone

Foundation Stone under the Dome of the Rock.

 

The spot where Muhammad (pbuh) ascended to heaven in 621 AD with Gabriel.

 

The Enclosure of the Cave of the Patriarchs

Enclosure to the Cave of the Patriarchs

Cenotaph of Abraham

Tomb of Ibrahim

The more visible known entrance to the caves.

The visible entrance to the caves

The mountain of Hira where, according to Muslim tradition, Muhammad received his first revelation.

Cave of Mount Hira – where revelation began in 610 AD

Masjid al-Nabawi (Mosque of the Prophet)

Masjid al-Nawabi

Tombstone of Hazrat Umar

Tombstone of Umar

Buraq from a 17th-century Mughal miniature

A buraq – creature that took Muhammad from earth to the heavens.

Masjid Al-Quba

Masjid al-Quba

Exterior view of Imam Ali Shrine

Imam Ali’s shrine in Iraq

 

 

THE STONE OF PROPHET ABRAHAM (PBUH)

Maqaam e Ibrahim

JABL-E-NOOR (MOUNTAIN OF LIGHT) MECCA

Jabl noor – mountain of light (cave hira)

THE PROPHETS MOSQUE & JANNAT UL BAQEE

Jannat ul Baqi – gravesite for many of Muhammad’s (pbuh) relatives

Grave of  Muhammad (pbuh)

Grave of  Muhammad (pbuh)

THE PROPHETS DOME

Prophets Dome

FOOTPRINT OF PROPHET MOHAMMED (PBUH)

Footprint of Muhammad (pbuh)


Picture Reference: http://www.al-islam.org/ziyarat/saudi.htm

http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.islamicsupremecouncil.com/tabarruk/rauza.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.islamicsupremecouncil.com/tabarruk/tabarrukat.htm&h=615&w=857&sz=711&hl=en&start=1&um=1&tbnid=-sp2gS2GCTKp_M:&tbnh=104&tbnw=145&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dmuhammad%2527s%2Bgrave%26svnum%3D10%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN

 

Mecca

-        where Muhammad (pbuh) was born

-        the place where Allah revealed His first words to him

-        were billions of muslims turn to for prayer 5 times a day

-        airport in Jeddah

-        Masjid al Haram (sanctuary) -  Where Kaaba Sharif is  - possibly dates as far back as from 638 CE (7 AH) when Umar bin al Khattab began to develop the site for the pilgrims

-        Well of Zam Zam

 

Kaaba Sharif in Mecca ( the Great Mosque – inside Masjid-al-Haram)

-        inner pavement is called the al Mataf

-        built by Ibrahim AS and his son Ismail AS

-        black stone – al Hajar al-Aswad – in the eastern corner of the Kaaba – predates birth of Islam – Ibrahm AS needed something to help him remember how many circuits he had made of the Kaaba for the Tawaaf and so Allah answered his prayer by sending the black stone from the heavens (via angels) to mark the beginning of the Tawaaf location.

-        Maqam Ibrahim (Station of Ibrahim) – where Ibrahim was standing on to build the Kaaba; his footprints are visible on the stone

-        Stone of Ismail – space to the north of the Kaaba and the Mizab and enclosed in marble parapet; The original stone from the original building that used to be there but the Quraish had left out when they rebuilt the Kaaba.

-        Ai Multazem – space between the black stone and the Kaaba door – Hadith: Ibn Abbas told that he heard Messenger (peace of Allah be up upon him) saying, "Any, who ask Allah at AI Multazem, Allah would reward him".

 

Zam Zam Water

-        Hajar was running back and forth between Safa and Marwah until she was shown the zam zam springs; it was created when Ismail’s feet struck the earth

-        In Kaaba

 

Maqaam –E- Ibrahim

-        the place where Ibrahim (pbuh) stood to build the Kaaba

-        Must perform two rakats in front of it after the first Tawaf.

 

 

Mount Arafat

-        stands 70 meters high

-        granite hill to the east of Mecca

-        200 years after Adam and Eve were told to leave the Garden, they found each other on this mountain and were reunited. They were forgiven by Allah for their transgression on this mountain.

                                                                                                  

 

Dome of the Rock (Masjid Qubbat As Sakhrah)

-        Ibrahim (pbuh) was told to sacrifice his son here

-        Muhammad (pbuh) ascended into the heavens from the rock that is under the center of the dome around 620AD; Isra (actual journey from Masjid al-Haram in Mecca to Masjid al-Aqsa in Jerusalem) and Miraj (tour of heaven and hell on a buraq; where Muslims got prayers 5 times a day; heart was taken out and cleaned with zam zam water)

-        In the center of Temple Mount or Mount Moriah

-        Built between 687-691 AH by Caliph Abd al-Malik

-        First direction where prayer was directed to until changed by Allah to Mecca.

 

Al Aqsa Mosque (The Farthest Mosque – Al Haram al-Qudsi al-Sharif: The Noble Sanctuary)

-        A congregation building on Temple Mount in Jerusalem.

-        Includes the Dome of the Rock

-        Now a part of Israel

 

Cave of the Patriarchs

-        Subterranean caves in the city of Hebron

-        Most of the modern religions believe that several people were buried here: Adam and Eve, Ibrahim and Sara; Isaac (son of Ibrahim and Sara, Father of the Jews) and Rebekah; Jacob (Yaqub - son of Isaac; had 12 sons with various wives to make the 12 tribes of the Jews) and Leah

-        Muslims also believe that Joseph (Yusuf – his brothers threw him into the well; later came back as king; could interpret dreams) is buried here as well.

 

Masjid al-Nawabi

-        Mosque of the Prophet located in Medina

-        2nd holiest site in Islam

-        Originally the home of Muhammad (pbuh)

-        Also where Muhammad (pbuh) is buried (under the green dome)

-        Abu Bakr and Umar ibn Al Khattab are also buried next to him.

 

Masjid al-Quba

-        just outside of Medina is the first Islamic mosque ever built

-        Built by Muhammad (pbuh) on  his immigration from Mecca to Medina

-        Mentioned in Quran: Sura 9, verse 108 (At Tawbah)

-        Hadith: "Whoever makes ablutions at home and then goes and prays in the Mosque of Quba, he will have a reward like that of an 'Umrah." This hadith is reported by Ahmad, Nasa'i, Ibn Majah, and Al-Hakim

 

References:

http://saudicities.com/mmosque.htm#Characteristic%20Marks%20in%20the%20Holy%20Mosque

 

 

 


 

Prayers

 

Niyyah for Hajj: This prayer expresses the intention to do Hajj.

 

O Allah! I intend to perform Hajj; make it easy for me and accept it from me. I make the niyyah for Hajj and enter into the state of Ihram for the sake of Allah alone, the most High.

 

Talbiyah: Through this prayer, pilgrims assert their intention to perform the pilgrimage only for the glory of Allah.

 

Here I am at Thy service O Lord, here I am. Here I am at Thy service, and Thou hast no partner. Thine alone is All Praise and All Bounty, and Thine alone is The Sovereignty. Thou hast no partner.

 

Niyyah for Tawaf: This prayer expresses the intention to do Tawaf, the circumnavigation of the Holy Ka'aba.

 

O Allah! I intend to perform Tawaf of Thy Sacred House. Make it easy for me and accept from me the seven ashwat for Thy sake, Allah, the Most High.

 

Prayer At Maqam-o-Ibrahim

O Allah! Thou knowest that which I keep secret and that which I disclose. Grant me Thy pardon. Thou knowest my needs; grant me my wishes. Thou knowest that which is in my breast; forgive me my sins. O Allah! I seek from Thee a faith that will saturate my heart, and a true conviction that will make me realize that naught can befall me except what Thou hast decreed for me, and that I may find contentment in whatever Thou hast given me. Thou art my patron in this world and the Hereafter. Allow me to die in a state of Islam and to be counted among the righteous. O Allah! on this occasion of our presence in this place, let not any of our sins go unforgiven, nor any of our worries undispelled, nor any of our needs unfulfilled or unfacilitated by Thee. And let all our tasks be made easy, and our minds relieved, and our hearts illuminated and our actions judged as pious. O Allah! allow us to die as Muslims and to join the ranks of the virtuous without any distress. Amen, O Lord of the Universe.

 

Prayer at Multazam

O Allah! Lord of this Ancient House, free our necks and the necks of our fathers and mothers and brothers and children from the fires of Hell. O Thou who art Master of Beneficence, Benignity, Grace, Bounty, Munificence and Benevolence! O Allah! let the final result of all our affairs be good, and protect us from degradation in this world and eternal doom in the Hereafter. O Allah! truly I am Thy slave and the son of Thy slave, standing beneath Thy door and holding to Thy threshold in humility before Thee. I hope for Thy Mercy and I fear Thy punishment in Hell. O The Eternally Beneficent! O Allah! I ask Thee to accept my remembrance of Thee, and relieve me of my burdens, and set right my affairs, and purify my heart, and illuminate my grave for me and forgive me my sins. And I beseech of Thee high ranks in Paradise. Amen.

 

The Tawaaf

 

First Shawt: This prayer is usually recited on the first circumnavigation of the Ka'aba.

 

All Glory is to Allah! All praise is to Allah! There is none worthy of worship but Allah! Allah is the Greatest. There is no power, nor strength except that from Allah, The Most High, The Greatest! Blessings and Peace be upon the Prophet of Allah, Muhammad (pbuh). O Allah! By my Faith in Thee, and by my belief in Thy Book, and in fulfillment of the vows I made to Thee, and following the Sunnah of Thy beloved Prophet, Muhammad (pbuh), (I perform the Tawaf of the Holy Kabah).

 

Second Shawt:  This prayer is usually recited on the second circumnavigation of the Ka'aba.

 

O Allah! This House is Thy House, and this Sanctuary is Thy Sanctuary, and this Security is Thy Security, and this slave is Thy slave. I am Thy slave and the son of Thy slave. And this place is a refuge from the fires of Hell for him who seeks Thy protection. Forbid our flesh and our bodies to the Fire. O Allah! Endear to us the Faith, and adorn with it our hearts, and make hateful to us disbelief, wickedness and transgression, and cause us to be among those who are rightly guarded.

 

Third Shawt : This prayer is usually recited on the third circumnavigation of the Ka'aba.

 

O Allah! Allow this pilgrimage to be accepted, and this endeavour to be rewarded, and my sins to be forgiven, and my good deeds to be approved and cause my business to flourish; O Thou, who knoweth all that is in our hearts! O Allah! Take me out of darkness into light. O Allah! I ask thee, that I be worthy of Thy Mercy, and certain of Thy Forgiveness, and immune to all sins, and be worthy of rewards for all my virtues, and be worthy of entering Paradise and be immune from Hell.

 

Fourth Shawt : These prayers are usually recited on the fourth circumnavigation of the Kaaba.

 

O Allah! Allow this pilgrimage to be accepted, and this endeavour to be rewarded, and my sins to be forgiven, and my good deeds to be approved and cause my business to flourish; O Thou, who knoweth all that is in our hearts! O Allah! Take me out of darkness into light. O Allah! I ask thee, that I be worthy of Thy Mercy, and certain of Thy Forgiveness, and immune to all sins, and be worthy of rewards for all my virtues, and be worthy of entering Paradise and be immune from Hell.

 

Fifth Shawt : This prayer is usually recited on the fifth circumnavigation of the Ka'aba.

 

O Allah! Bestow upon me the shade of Thy Throne on the Day when there shall be no shade except Thine, and there shall be no countenance except Thine. And allow me a drink from the cistern of Thy Prophet, Muhammad a drink so pleasant that it may quench my thirst for ever. O Allah! I ask Thee the best of that which Thy Prophet, our master Muhammad (pbuh) has asked of Thee. And I seek refuge in Thee from the evils from which Thy Prophet, our Master, Muhammad (pbuh) has sought refuge in Thee.

 

Sixth Shawt: This prayer is usually recited on the sixth circumnavigation of the Ka'aba.

 

O Allah! Thou hast many claims on me in my relations to Thee, and many claims in my relations to Thy creatures. O Allah! Release me if those which I owe to Thee, and give me the strength to bear those which I owe to Thee, and give me strength to bear those which I owe to Thy creatures. Make me content with what Thou hast made lawful and enable me to reject what Thou hast declared forbidden. And make me content with obedience to thee, and let me beware of disobeying Thee.And make me content with Thy favour so that I may not seek favour from anyone else, O Thou, whose Mercy is All Embracing.

 

Seven Shawt: This prayer is usually recited on the seventh circumnavigation of the Ka'aba.

 

O Allah! I seek from Thee a Faith that is perfect, a conviction that is true, a heart that is full of devotion towards Thee, and a tongue that is forever engaged in Thy remembrance; and provisions that are vast, lawful and clean, and a repentance that is sincere; a repentance before death, peace at the time of death and Thy Benign Forgiveness and Mercy after death, and Thy Pardon at the time of reckoning, and the reward of Paradise and a reprieve from the fires of Hell.

 

Niyyah for Sa'i: This prayer expresses the intention to do Sa'i, the act of running between to the hills of Safa and Marwah during the Umrah.

 

O Allah! I intend to perform Sa'i of seven ashwat between Safa and Marwah for Thy Pleasure alone. Make it easy for me and accept it from me.

 

Prayer for Partaking of Zam-Zam : This prayer is appropriate when the pilgrim tastes the water from the Zam-Zam well in Mecca.

 

O Allah! I seek from Thee profitable knowledge and bounteous sustenance and a cure from all ailments through Thy Mercy, O Most Merciful of the merciful!

 

Prayer Upon Departing from Mina : This prayer is commonly used when the pilgrim leaves Mina after the stoning of the Jamarat.

 

O Allah! To Thee I turn praying to approach Thy Bounteous Countenance. Let my sins be forgiven and my Hajj be acceptable, and have Mercy on me. Allow me not to be disappointed, for Thou hast Power over all things.

 

Prayer Upon Entering Arafat : This prayer is commonly used when the pilgrim enters Arafat for the Day of Standing.

 

O Allah! Forgive me and help me in my repentance and grant me all that I beseech of Thee; and wherever I turn, let me see goodness. Allah be praised! All praise is due to Allah! And there is no deity except Allah! And Allah is Most Great.

 

Prayer at Muzdalifah: This prayer is appropriate when the pilgrim is at Muzdalifah.

 

Allah is Most Great! Allah is Most Great! Alllah is Most Great! There is no deity except Allah, and unto Allah is due all Praise! Oh Allah! As Thou hast allowed us to halt in this place and hast shown it to us, so also grant us that we may repeat Thy Name. As Thou hast guided us, so also forgive us and have mercy on us as Thou hast promised us! Any Thy Word is The Truth!

 

Prayer After Tawaf-al-Wada : This prayer is commonly used for the farewell Tawaf made by the Hajji before they leave the Holy city of Makkah.

 

We are those who have returned to our Lord, and those who have repented, and those who have worshipped (our Lord), and those who praise our Creator and Sustainer. Allah has fulfilled His Promise, and awarded victory to His servant and, alone, He has defeated the forces of evil.

 


Hadith on Hajj

 

Volume 1, Book 6, Number 313:

Narrated 'Aisha:   In the last Hajj of Allah's Apostle I assume the Ihram for Hajj along with Allah Apostle. I was one of those who intended Tamattu' (to perform Hajj an 'Umra) and did not take the Hadi (animal for sacrifice) with me. I got my menses and was not clean till the night of 'Arafa I said, "O Allah's Apostle! It is the night of the day of 'Arafat and I intended to perform the Hajj Tamattu' with 'Umra Allah's Apostle told me to undo my hair and comb it and to postpone the 'Umra. I did the same and completed the Hajj. On the night of Al-Hasba (i.e. place outside Mecca where the pilgrims go after finishing all the ceremonies Hajj at Mina) he (the Prophet ordered 'Abdur Rahman ('Aisha's brother) to take me to At-Tan'im to assume the lhram for'Umra in lieu of that of Hajj-atTamattu' which I had intended to perform.

 

 

 

Volume 1, Book 6, Number 314:

Narrated 'Aisha:   On the 1st of Dhul-Hijja we set out with the intention of performing Hajj. Allah's Apostle said, "Any one who likes to assume the Ihram for 'Umra he can do so. Had I not brought the Hadi with me, I would have assumed the Ihram for 'Umra. "Some of us assumed the Ihram for 'Umra while the others assumed the Ihram for Hajj. I was one of those who assumed the Ihram for 'Umra. I got menses and kept on menstruating until the day of 'Arafat and complained of that to the Prophet . He told me to postpone my 'Umra, undo and comb my hair, and to assure the Ihram of Hajj and I did so. On the right of Hasba, he sent my brother 'Abdur-Rahman bin Abi Bakr with me to At-Tah'im, where I assumed the Ihram for'Umra in lieu of the previous one. Hisham said, "For that ('Umra) no Hadi, fasting or alms were required.

 

 

Volume 1, Book 6, Number 316:

Narrated 'Urwa:  'Aisha said, "We set out with the Prophet in his last Hajj. Some of us intended to perform 'Umra while others Hajj. When we reached Mecca, Allah's Apostle said, 'Those who had assumed the lhram for'Umra and had not brought the Hadi should finish his lhram and whoever had assumed the Ihram for 'Umra and brought the Hadi should not finish the Ihram till he has slaughtered his Hadi and whoever had assumed the lhram for Hajj should complete his Hajj." 'Aisha further said, "I got my periods (menses) and kept on menstruating till the day of 'Arafat, and I had assumed the Ihram for 'Umra only (Tamattu'). The Prophet ordered me to undo and comb my head hair and assume the lhram for Hajj only and leave the 'Umra. I did the same till I completed the Hajj. Then the Prophet sent 'Abdur Rahman bin Abi Bakr with me and ordered me to perform 'Umra from At-Tan'im in lieu of the missed 'Umra."

 

Mense:

Volume 1, Book 6, Number 309:

Narrated 'Aisha:   None of us had more than a single garment and we used to have our menses while wearing it. Whenever it got soiled with blood of menses we used to apply saliva to the blood spot and rub off the blood with our nails.

 

 

Volume 1, Book 6, Number 310:

Narrated Um-'Atiya:  We were forbidden to mourn for a dead person for more than three days except in the case of a husband for whom mourning was allowed for four months and ten days. (During that time) we were not allowed to put ko,hl (Antimony eye power) in our eyes or to use perfumes or to put on colored clothes except a dress made of 'Asb (a kind of Yemen cloth, very coarse and rough). We were allowed very light perfumes at the time of taking a bath after menses and also we were forbidden to go with the funeral procession .

 

 

Narrated 'Aisha:  A woman asked the Prophet about the bath which is take after finishing from the menses. The Prophet told her what to do and said, "Purify yourself with a piece of cloth scented with musk." The woman asked, "How shall I purify myself with it" He said, "Subhan Allah! Purify yourself (with it)." I pulled her to myself and said, "Rub the place soiled with blood with it."

 

Volume 1, Book 6, Number 317:

Narrated 'Aisha:  Fatima bint Abi Hubaish used to have bleeding in between the periods, so she asked the Prophet about it . He replied, "The bleeding is from a blood vessel and not the menses. So give up the prayers when the (real) menses begin and when it has finished, take a bath and start praying."

 

Volume 1, Book 6, Number 318:

Narrated Mu'adha:   A woman asked 'Aisha, "Should I offer the prayers that which I did not offer because of menses" 'Aisha said, "Are you from the Huraura' (a town in Iraq?) We were with the Prophet and used to get our periods but he never ordered us to offer them (the Prayers missed during menses)." 'Aisha perhaps said, "We did not offer them."